Treatment may vary depending on the stage and cause of your kidney disease.

Early stages

In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, treatment is focused on slowing the progress of kidney disease, and reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Changes to your lifestyle may be needed to keep your kidneys healthy. You can find advice about how to keep your kidneys healthy here.

You may also be prescribed different medications to help keep your body in balance. Your doctor or chemist can explain what the medications are for. It is important to take them exactly as instructed.

Your doctor will also perform a Kidney Health Check on a regular basis to check how your kidneys are performing. Find out more here.

Middle stages

In the middle stages of chronic kidney disease, complications such as bone disease and anaemia may occur as the level of waste in the blood rises.

Treatment is focused on slowing the progress of kidney disease, reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and preventing and managing complications of chronic kidney disease.

The treatment is similar for early stages of chronic kidney disease. You may need blood and urine tests more frequently, and you may be prescribed more medications. At this stage of kidney disease you may be referred to a kidney specialist.

Later stages

Even with the best management, chronic kidney disease sometimes progresses to later stages. This is also called end stage kidney disease (or kidney failure). In the later stages of kidney disease, your kidney function will need to replaced by either a kidney transplant or dialysis.

Kidney transplants can come from a living or a deceased donor.

Dialysis has a number of options, which include home dialysis (either peritoneal dialysis or home haemodialysis) and centre-based haemodialysis.

Find out more about dialysis treatment options here.

Supportive care
Some people choose not to have either dialysis or transplant and instead choose supportive care. With this option, medications and diet are used to manage the symptoms of end stage kidney disease. Find out more about supportive care here.

This website has lots of information about the different treatment options within this section and in our dialysis section here.

Links to fact sheets and other helpful information can also be found in our Resource Library.

Treatment for kidney diseaseChoosing your treatment
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