Abdomen: The part of the body that contains the pancreas, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder and other organs.
ABO incompatible transplant: A type of transplant where your donor’s blood type and your blood type are not compatible. With this type of transplant you receive medical treatment before and after your kidney transplant to lower antibody levels in your blood and reduce the risk of antibodies rejecting the donor kidney.
Accredited practising dietitian: Accredited Practising Dietitians (APDs) have the qualifications and skills to provide expert nutrition and dietary advice. A person who is professionally qualified to give practical diet and nutrition advice.
ACE inhibitors: A common medication prescribed by doctors to manage blood pressure
Acute kidney injury: A loss of kidney function that happens quickly which may or may not be permanent.
Acute rejection: Where your body quickly begins to reject your transplanted kidney in the first few weeks after your transplant.
Albumin: A protein in your blood that helps to maintain blood volume and blood pressure.
Albuminuria: Occurs when albumin is present in the urine. There are filters in the kidneys that prevent large molecules, such as albumin, from passing through. If these filters are damaged, albumin passes from the blood into the urine.
Albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR): A test used to see how much albumin leaks into your urine when your kidneys are damaged. A urine ACR is a part of a kidney health check. See Albuminuria, Creatinine, Microalbuminuria, Macroalbuminuria.
Alport’s Syndrome: A genetic kidney disease which affects your kidneys, hearing and eyesight.
Altruistic donation: Where someone anonymously donates a kidney to a recipient on the transplant waiting list.
Anaemia: When there are only a small number of red blood cells in your blood or your blood cells are not working properly. Red blood cells carry oxygen, so if you have anaemia you can feel weak, tired and short of breath.
Angiotensin: A hormone produced by the kidneys which works to control blood pressure.
Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs): A common medication prescribed by doctors to control blood pressure
Antibiotics: A medication used to treat and prevent a variety of bacterial infections and disease.
Antibodies: Made by the immune system, your body’s protection mechanism, to attack tissue that is not normally part of the body, for example bacteria or toxins or a donated kidney.
Antibody: A protein molecule made by your immune system to attack tissue that is not normally part of your body (e.g. viruses and bacteria).
Antidepressant: Medications that are prescribed by doctors that are used to treat depression.
Antigen: A protein that activates the immune system including your white blood cells which fight infections and foreign bodies.
Anti-rejection medications: Medication to control your immune system that is needed for as long as your transplanted kidney functions, to reduce the risk of your body rejecting your new kidney.
Artificial ventilation: Where a special machine called a ventilator is used to allow you to breathe.
Audiologist: A medical doctor who specialises in hearing loss.
Autoimmune: An autoimmune disorder occurs when a person's immune system mistakenly attacks their own body tissues.
Automated Peritoneal Dialysis (APD): A type of dialysis where a special fluid is put into the peritoneal cavity (abdomen) through a soft, plastic tube (catheter) then drained out of the body continuously for a few hours by a machine called a cycler, usually at night.
Artery: A blood vessel taking blood from the heart to other parts of the body.